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EXAMPLES OF QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH PROPOSAL: THE INFLUENCE OF INDONESIAN STRUCTURE SKILL TO THE ENGLISH STRUCTURE SKILL FOR THE SIXTH SEMESTER OF ENGLISH DEPARTMENT STUDENTS OF STAIN PONOROGO IN THE YEAR OF 2008/2009 BY ANWAR


I.      The Title of Research
     

II.     The Background of Problem

We can feel how important the function of the language is. It serves as a means of communications. And every body realizes that all activities will be paralyzed  without the language.
   Through the language, the culture of a nations can be formed, guided, developed, and inherited to the forthcoming generations. By the existence of  the language which serves as a means of communications, so everything around  the people: events, animals, plantations and so on, are getting respond in the human mind. They will be rearranged and revealed towards the other people as the materiel of communications. Communications through this language enables people to adapt them selves to the environment. It enables people to learn the habit, custom, and culture as well as their backgrounds.
Remembering the importance of language serves as a means of communications, we can limit the definition of language is a language is a means of communications among the members of society produced by human utterance through the sound signal.[1]
We think that wrong assumption of language mastery is caused by the wrong sight of the language nature. Many people think that a Javanese child must be good at speaking Javanese and a France child must be good at speaking France…but, the real fact is that if the Javanese is not educated nor brought up in the Javanese family or Javanese society, he or she will not be good at speaking Javanese.[2]
The Indonesian language has two functions, namely (1) it serves as the national language and (2) serves as the country language. As the national language, it serves as: (1) the symbol of national proud (2) the symbol of national identity (3)  a means to unite Indonesian people which come from distinct culture and language background (4)  a means of interrelationship among the cultures and interrelationship among the regions; and as Indonesian language, it serves as: (1) the official language of the country (2) the official language in the education institutions (3) the official language in relation to the national stage (4) the official language in relation to the construction of the culture, of utilization of science, and of  modern technology.[3] 
While English language is  largest spread language. The number of English native speakers approximate 170 millions in 1992. almost all of them use standard or substandard  English language.[4]
Besides Indonesian  language, English language is also taught in every school in Indonesia. I assume there is relationship between Indonesian and English language course. And according to my observation, in March 2009, when the class was attended by 7 students of 32, the 7 students could not understand the meaning of the sentence of “Disco Dancing-Related Injuries”, and also in the same month, a student of English department wrote a sentence of “Tomorrow on 09.00 pm”, and  still in the same month, Mr. Dollar Yuwono told his students to change the sentence of “Sekolah yang diatur dengan baik”, into English. At  last, they could not either answer it correctly.
Therefore, I want to solve the problem by making research in this proposal. And one of my assumptions is  that there is  correlation between Indonesian and English Structure  Skill, so this proposal is given the title of “THE INFLUENCE OF INDONESIAN STRUCTURE SKILL TO THE ENGLISH STRUCTURE SKILL FOR THE SIXTH SEMESTER OF ENGLISH DEPARTEMENT STUDENT OF STAIN PONOROGO IN THE YEAR OF 2008/2009

III.   The Formulations of Problem
A.   How is the influence of  Indonesian structure skill to the English structure skill for the sixth semester of English department students of STAIN Ponorogo in the year of 2008/2009?
B.   How good are the Indonesian structure skill and the English structure skill of  the sixth semester of English department students of STAIN Ponorogo in the year of 2008/2009?
C.   Do the Indonesian structure skill and the English structure skill of  the sixth semester of English department students of STAIN Ponorogo in the year of 2008/2009 influence each other?

IV.  The Objectives of Research
A.   To know how the influence of Indonesian structure skill to the English structure skill for the sixth semester of English department students of STAIN Ponorogo in the year of 2008/2009.
B.   To know how good the Indonesian structure skill and the English structure skill of  the sixth semester of English department students of STAIN Ponorogo in the year of 2008/2009 are.
C.   To know if the Indonesian structure skill and the English structure skill of  the sixth semester of English department students of STAIN Ponorogo in the year of 2008/2009 influence each other.

V.    The Advantages of Research
A.   Theoretical advantage
This research will be useful to examine whether the Indonesian structure skill and the English structure skill of  the sixth semester of English department students of STAIN Ponorogo in the year of 2008/2009 influence each other.
B.   Practical advantages
1.    It will be useful for the students, and it is hoped that the students acquire the motivation of studying.
2.    It will be useful for the teachers, to correct them selves whether Indonesian and English language they taught to their students has been successful or not.
3.    It will be useful for the parents, to help or motivate their children to study harder.

VI.  The Hypothesis of Research
It is a  temporary answer for the research problem before proving through collected data.
1.    Hypothesis (Ho)
      It describes that there is no significant influence between the Indonesian structure skill and the English structure skill of  the sixth semester of English department students of STAIN Ponorogo in the year of 2008/2009
2.    Hypothesis (Ha)
It describes that there is a significant influence between the Indonesian structure skill and the English structure skill of  the sixth semester of English department students of STAIN Ponorogo in the year of 2008/2009.

VII.     The Method of Research
a.    The design of research
      The design of research consists of two variables. One is independent variable. It is the Indonesian structure skill of  the sixth semester of English department students of STAIN Ponorogo in the year of 2008/2009, while the dependent variable is the English structure skill of  the sixth semester of English department students of STAIN Ponorogo in the year of 2008/2009.
b.    Population and Sample
      According to Ibnu Hajar, Population is a large group of individu who have the same general characteristics.[5]
      The population of this research is the whole student of  the sixth semester of English department students of STAIN Ponorogo in the year of 2008/2009.
      While the sample is according to Margono, a part of populations taken as an example…[6]. The sample of this research is  the sixth semester of class TI.A of English department students of STAIN Ponorogo in the year of 2008/2009. In taking this research, the writer applies proportional random sampling technique by using methods as follows:
      The number of the sixth semester of  English department students of STAIN PONOROGO in the year of 2008/2009 is 98 students. It consists of TI.A, TI.B, and TI.C. From all of the classes, we are to take 10 students of TI.A, 10 students of TI.B and 10 students of TI.C, so the amount of sample 30 students.     
1.    Writing all the names of  Students of  TI.A on a little piece of paper then entering them into a box, and finally taking 10 names by shaking it.
2.  Then doing the same way for TI.B and TI.C.

VIII.    The Method of Collecting Data
a.    Interview method
It is a direct interview to acquire data related to the Indonesian structure skill and the English structure skill.
b.    Observation

Data acquired from implementing and recording the research.
c.    Questionnaire 
A number of written questions applied to acquire respond and information.

IX.  The Method of Data Analysis
      The data is analyzed by using statistic quantitative technique, in this research the researcher applies the product moment technique with formula:
     
                 ∑ x1y1
      ______________          - Cx1Cy1
                N
      ______________________
      rxy =  SDx1SDy1
        ∑ x1y1         =  the result of multiplication  between cell frequency (f) and X1,Y1
      Cx1            =  value of correction on variable X, Cx1 = ∑fx1
                                                                                                                                  N
      Cy1                       =  value of correction on variable Y,Cy1 = ∑fy1
                                                                                                N
      N                           = number of class

X.    The System of Clarification
There will be five chapters in this research, the first chapter is introduction that consists of background of problem, formulation of problem, the objectives of research, the advantages of research and the system of clarification
The second chapter is the research  methodology  that comprises the design of research, population, sample and response, data collection instrument data collection technique, and data analysis technique
The Result of the research on Indonesian Structure Skill and English Structure Skill is the third chapter that consists of the general data of research location: (1)History of foundation of  STAIN Ponorogo (2) The geography location of STAIN Ponorogo, Particular data and analysis of correlation                  
XI.  The Design of Content Table
Cover page
Title page
Accordance sheet of counselor   
Ratification page
Motto
Abstract
Preface
Table of content
Attaching table
Chapter I        :     Introduction
A.    The background of problem
B.    The formulation of problem
C.   The objectives of research
D.   The advantages of research
E.    Discussion
Chapter II       :     The Research  Methodology
A.    The design of research
B.    Population, sample and response
C.   Instrument of collecting data
D.   Technique of collecting data
E.    Technique of analyzing data
Chapter III      :     The Result of the Research on Indonesian Structure Skill and English Structure Skill
A.    The general data of research location:
1.    History of foundation of  STAIN Ponorogo
2.    The geography location of STAIN Ponorogo
B.    Particular data
C.   Analysis of correlation                                            
Chapter IV     :     Ending
A.   Conclusion
B.   Recommendations
        
References             
Keraf, Gorys. Komposisi. Semarang Nusa Indah, 2001.
Samsuri. Analisa Bahasa. Jakarta, Erlangga,1994.
Ramlan, M. Bahasa Indonesia Yang Salah Dan Yang Benar. Yogyakarta, Andi Offset, 1992.
Field, Lonard Bloom. Language. Jakarta, Gramedia Pustaka Utama, 1995.
Hajar, Ibnu. Dasar-dasar Metodologi Kuantitatif dalam Pendidikan. Jakarta, PT. Raja Grafindo Persada, 1994.
Margono, S. Metodologi Penelitian Pendidikan. Jakarta, Rineka Cipta, 2003.

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http://mahmud09-kumpulanmakalah.blogspot.com/2012/10/examples-of-quantitative-research.html



[1] Gorys Keraf, Komposisi (Semarang Nusa Indah, 2001), 1.
[2] Samsuri, Analisa Bahasa (Jakarta, Erlangga,1994), 3.
[3] M. Ramlan, Bahasa Indonesia Yang Salah Dan Yang Benar (Yogyakarta, Andi Offset, 1992), 5.
[4] Lonard Bloom Field, Language (Jakarta, Gramedia Pustaka Utama, 1995), 19.
[5] Ibnu Hajar,Dasar-dasar Metodologi Kuantitatip dalam Pendidikan, (Jakarta, PT. Raja Grafindo Persada, 1994), 133.
[6] S. Margono,Metodologi Penelitian Pendidikan, (Jakarta, Rineka Cipta, 2003), 118.



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Judul: EXAMPLES OF QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH PROPOSAL: THE INFLUENCE OF INDONESIAN STRUCTURE SKILL TO THE ENGLISH STRUCTURE SKILL FOR THE SIXTH SEMESTER OF ENGLISH DEPARTMENT STUDENTS OF STAIN PONOROGO IN THE YEAR OF 2008/2009 BY ANWAR
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Ditulis oleh : mas mahmud
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